Historical Facts About Turkey

 

 

DID YOU KNOW ABOUT TURKEY?

 

UNESCO declares Istanbul, Pamukkale, Mt. Nemrut, Great Mosque of Divrigi, Hattusa, Safranbolu,  Goreme Open Air Museum, Hierapolis, Troy, Xanthos and Letoon as World Heritages.

The four bronze horses of San Marco Cathedral welcoming the guest today in Venice, were taken from Istanbul 

The biggest Open - Air temple of Ancient world found in Urfa - Gobekli Tepe.

In the Middle Ages, Istanbul had more than 1400 public toilets in the city meanwhile there weren't any even at the palaces in France and other European cities.

The first landscape picture of the world found on the wall of house at Catalhoyuk, depicted erupting volcano (Mt. Hasan) in Neolithic times (6,500 BCE). 

Istanbul, the precious queen of Turkey is the only city on the world spread in both Asia and Europe

The oldest known human settlement in Turkey is Catalhoyuk (7th Millennium B.C.)

Hereke which is in the world carpeting literature with the quality of the wool and silk rugs is in Izmit (Kocaeli) Turkey.

The first church built by man (St. Peter's Church) is in Antioch (Antakya)

The Hittites sold Abraham the cave where he buried his wife Sarah, when the Israelites came to Palestine.

The oldest sculpture on the world found in Urfa remains from 13 century BC.

Kasikci diamond (86 carats) one of the greatest pieces of the world and is displayed in Topkapi Palace.

Noah's Ark landed on Mt. Ararat (Agri Dagi) in Eastern Turkey.

The last meal on Noah's Ark, a pudding of sweet and sour taste (Asure), is still served throughout Turkey.

Tarsus is the birthplace of St. Paul the Apostle.

Crystal flakes can seen with bare-eyes in Erzurum-Kars region

The First Ecumenical Council was held in Iznik, Turkey.

Female goddesses dominated the Central Anatolian pantheon for thousands of years before these supernatural powers were transformed to male gods.

Ankara cat is famous with two colored eyes and white fur.

Alexander the Great cut the intricate Gordian knot at the Phrygian capital, Gordion.

Angora wool derived from Ankara Goats and Rabbits.

The most valuable silk carpet in the world is in the Mevlana museum in Konya.

Central Anatolia was home to the capital cities of 3 major empires: the Hittite Empire at Hattusa, the Phrygian Empire of King Midas at Gordion, and the Seljuk Empire at Konya.

The Million stone at Sultanahmet square Istanbul was the zero point of the world once upon a time.

Wine was produced in the Cappadocia region as early as 4,000 BCE.

Three of the 10 remaining mobile mosaic icons of the world and according to the belief of Orthodox, Jesus Christ's cross which he was crucified are in Greek Orthodox Patriarchate

Sarcophagus of Alexander, First peace treatment of world are exhibits in Istanbul Archeology Museum.

Hagia Sophia was the biggest cathedral on the world for thousands years and still it is the 4th biggest one.

First bridge of Bosphorus made by ships tied each other in Persian Invasion at 4th century BC.

Constantinople was founded on seven hills like Rome.

The world largest numbers of cave churches are in Cappadocia, many with in-situ frescos.

The earliest domesticated wheat, Einkorn, can still be found growing wild in Cappadocia.

Three of the greatest fathers of the Christian Church, Saint Basil, Saint Gregory of Nazianzus, and Saint Gregory of Nyssa, were all Cappadocians.

Pottery has been made in Avanos for 10,000 years.

The most famous Dradon Slayer, Saint George was born in Cappadocia and the crusades spread his fame to Europe on their way back to home.

The Cappadocia region has about 30 known underground cities that could safely hide 100,000 people in troubled times.

St. Nicholas, also known as Santa Clause, was born in Demre, on Turkey's Mediterranean Coast.

The Best preserved Roman Theater is located in Aspendos , Antalya. 

Virgin Mary's house where she spent her last days, situated on the top of Bulbul dagi (Ephesus), is considered as a holy place for all religions.

Some oft he historic legends such as Homer (the poet), King Midas, Herodotus (the father of history) was born in this legend.

The famous Trojan Wars took place in Truva town.

Ephesus and Halicarnassus - two of the most famous places of the ancient world - are both in Turkey.

Seven Churches of Revelation are all in Aegean Region in Turkey (Ephesus, Sardis, Tyatira, Pergamon, Philadelphia, Smyrna, Collosae)

The Color "Turquoise" comes from the clean see color on the Aegean Cost in Turkey.

The world's greatest amphora and glass collection is in Bodrum Museum in Bodrum Castle.

Virgin Mary's House in Ephesus is visited by Pope the 6th Paul and Pope Jean Paul as well.

Lydia which is one of the greatest civilization lived in Anatolia has still got some remainings around Salihli (Sardis) and it's the first civilization which coined money.

The philosopher Aristotales lived in Assos for three years.

Julius Caesar proclaimed his celebrated words, "Veni, Vidi, Vici (I came, I saw, I conquered)" in North Anatolia when he defeated the Pontus, a formidable kingdom in the Black Sea region of Turkey.

On Black sea region has more then 100 un-named and 200 different endemic plants in flora.