Krasin Icebreaker Museum St Petersburg
This historic ship, moored off the southern bank of Vasilyevsky Island at Lieutenant Schmidt Embankment. Despite its age, the "Krasin" is still in good working order and eminently seaworthy, but after undergoing extensive restoration work it has now become a floating museum. Obviously the upper superstructure is a later addition to the original steel hull.
Designed by the famous Russian Admiral, Stepan O. Makarov and built in 1916 in Britain, the Svyatogor was built for the Russian Navy at the shipyard of Sir W. G. Armstrong Whitworth & Co Ltd.
It was committed in the fall of 1917 to the Arctic Ocean fleet, but after a few years the ship was captured by British forces. When the Soviet government sought to buy the icebreaker back from the UK, Leonid Krasin, the Plenipotentiary Trade Representative of the USSR, was in charge of the negotiations. Subsequently, the ship was renamed in his honour.
This powerful icebreaker took part in the 1920ís rescue operation to save the Italian polar expedition led by Umberto Nobile. During WWII the "Krasin" led Allied convoys, which brought strategic supplies, arms and ammunition to the Soviet Union. The convoys fought their way to the northern Soviet seaports, despite heavy Nazi bombardment and the constant threat of submarine attacks. Many Allied ships and cargo vessels failed to reach their destination, but the "Krasin" was lucky enough to survive. After the war the historic icebreaker took an active part in research expeditions in the Polar Ocean and led Soviet cargo convoys through the polar region. Rather than being destroyed (like the famous icebreaker "Yermak") to make way for more modern ships, the "Krasin" was preserved and restored, thanks to the tremendous dedication of its captain and crew and of volunteers and naval history enthusiasts.
In the 1990s the icebreaker became a museum that is now docked at the Lieutenant Schmidt Embankment in St. Petersburg.
As it was in 1922