zones can be a tad confusing for many. Today, with many people using
smartphones you can quickly check - if you are charged! Here is a
small summary of some of the worlds little variances!
The image at left is on trains
between Finland and Russia and is a 'dual timezone' clock - quiet
Greenwich, of GMT fame, is
actually GMT +01:00 in the Summer
Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) was born at
the world-famous Royal Observatory in
Greenwich, London, established in 1675
by Charles II. According to the
website/the entire world, the site
"is, by international decree, the
official starting point for every new
day, year and millennium".
And yet, because the United Kingdom
observes daylight savings (DST), in the
Summer the country turns its clocks
forward by an hour for British Summer
Time – so in the warmer months, the
Brits are an hour ahead of themselves.
Putin killed several Russian
Russia spans a mammoth 11 time zones
on a map, it only adheres to nine of the
11. On March 28, 2010, at 2 am, while
much of Russia turned their clocks
forward, Russians in the nation's Udmurt
Republic, Samara Oblast, Kamchatka, and
Chukotka regions neglected daylight
savings at the government's behest.
Apparently, to streamline business
relations with Moscow and unite with the
rest of the country, Putin swiftly
abolished the time zones overnight;
subsequently, the Udmurt Republic and
Samara Oblast switched from GMT +03:00
to GMT + 04:00, catching up with Moscow.
Meanwhile, Kamchatka and Chukotka joined
the time zone of Magadan Oblast,
bringing themselves to GMT +11:00, eight
hours ahead of the capital.
India observes a single national
Despite being gigantic, India insists on
maintaining one national time zone (GMT
+05:30) over the entire subcontinent.
Because nobody would have read "Midnight
In the past, India's cities actually
kept their own times, but the
unified time zone was reportedly
introduced during the colonial era
to streamline the elaborate railway
network, operating on what was called
the Madras time zone.
Many countries don't bother
not like you can bottle it up for a
rainy day, so a number of countries
around the world don't actually observe
Daylight Saving Time. Among them are
much of South America (including
Argentina and Peru), Asia (Japan, China,
Indonesia, and Thailand don't do DST), the
Middle East (such as the United Arab
Emirates), and most of Africa, with the
exception of Namibia, Egypt (see below),
Tunis, and Morocco. And while South
Australia observes DST,
Northern Territory, Queensland, and
Western Australia do not.
More recently, on March 25, 2012,
Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, in the South
Caucasus on the Eastern European/Asian
rejected DST in order to stay closer to
Armenia (which has argued with
Azerbaijan for the region, now partially
under Armenian military control).
Hawaii and Arizona burn daylight
like there's no tomorrow
Hawaii doesn't adhere to DST,
maintaining an easy-to-remember time
zone of GMT -10:00 year-round.
Strangely, in the Winter, Alaska is on
the same time as Hawaii -- so, while
their climates are world's apart, for
half the year, both states observe HAST
(Hawaii-Aleutian Standard Time). Try
saying Hawaii-Aleutian three times fast.
Arizona (GMT -07:00) has also ignored
DST since 1975, owing to the state's
monumental heat; as ABC15 points out, if
Arizona did observe DST, the sun would
rise at 6:30 am instead of 5:30 am, and
set at 9 pm instead of 8 pm, making for
a much less productive workforce,
according to a study conducted by
Michigan State University.
A number of U.S. Territories -- such as
the Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Guam,
and American Samoa -- also don't observe
DST. But they're not stars on a flag, so
no one really cares.
Iran and Afghanistan only half-care what
Several nations and territories
recognize partial offsets from GMT,
instead of the usual full hour -- making
early people on time and late people
even worse, or vice versa. Actually,
late people are always awful.
Iran (GMT +03:30, and GMT +04:30 in
Summer), Afghanistan (GMT +04:30), Sri
Lanka (+05:30), and Newfoundland, Canada
(GMT -03:30, and GMT -04:30 during the
Summer) are all off by half hours from
Places that recognize 15-minute offsets
include Western Australia (which uses
GMT +08:45), Nepal (GMT +12:45,
switching to GMT +13:45 the Summer), and
New Zealand's Chatham Island (GMT
Lord Howe Island is on its own island
then there's the anomaly of Lord Howe
Island in Australia (pictured above, at
sunset), which curiously puts its clocks
back by just half an hour in the local
Winter to GMT +10:30, only to skip ahead
to GMT +11:00 in the Summer. Good luck
figuring out how that works.
Awkwardly, the island is half an hour
ahead of Australian Eastern Standard
Time. Though the atoll's time zone was
officially standardized by the Standard
Time Act 1987, and before that, by an
earlier version of the same act in 1971,
Lord Howe Island has been anecdotally
adhering to its odd time-keeping since
way back in 1904 (without
concrete evidence, however).
Spain is in the "wrong" time
Most of mainland Spain is either
on the same longitude as or further west than the UK. And yet, Spain
is an hour ahead, time-wise.
As NPR points out, Spain has effectively been in the wrong time zone
General Franco decided to align with Hitler. And now, 70 years
later, Spaniards sleep 53 minutes less than other Europeans, work
longer hours, and are less productive. That worked out for
Egypt will have
four time changes this year
Good luck not oversleeping once,
After DST was abolished in Egypt in 2011, it was recently
a way to help reduce energy consumption”, thanks to the
country’s energy crisis and subsequent blackouts in the capital,
Cairo. Clocks jumped forward an hour on May 15, but will return to
their original time for the Muslim holiday of Ramadan, which starts
at the end of June.
The time will
allegedly go forward once more at the end of Ramadan, but go
back at Summer's end. Presumably, no one will be scheduling doctor's
appointments in Egypt this summer.