is on the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, the region being located at
21°9′—29°15′N and 97°39′—106°12’E. It is a mountainous region with
many rivers and lakes with an average elevation of 2000 meters
rising to 6740 m. This region has a subtropical zone plateau monsoon
climate. Elevation and latitude has a great influence to the annual
average temperature and is affected by the airflow from the Pacific
and Indian oceans. Seasonal changes are noticeable in certain areas
(Autumn leaves), but is mostly just a rainy and dry season
distinction. November to April is the dry season where you get
plentiful sunshine, less rainfall and great temperature variations
between day and night. From May to October is the rainy season with
most rainfall concentrated between July and September. During the
rainy season there is less variation between day and night
temperatures Annual rainfall for the region (depends on which part)
ranges from 500-2800mm
Wine grapes are found in the Mile, Mengzi and Chenggong counties.
The more refined varieties are mainly concentrated within the
farming area of Dongfeng which is in the county of Mile. The
distinctive feature of this county is its karst topography with most
of land being mountainous with valleys containing flat areas. The
soil is described as having high organic compounds and fertility.
The average temperature is 17.38c with the lowest average
temperature of December being 9.81c. The highest monthly average
temperature is in July at 22.64c. This regions annual rainfall is
720.49mm with sunshine hours coming in at 2129.43hrs for the year.
Grape cultivation has a long history in Yunnan (French missionaries
had something to do with this), but most of the production are table
grapes. Recently dry red wine has become more popular with the local
Chinese people. Two large wineries were founded in Yunnan, these
being, Yunnan Gaoyuan Wine Co.,Ltd, Yunnan Shenquan Wine Co.,Ltd,
Yunnan Gaoyuan and the Shangri La Wine Co.,Ltd.
Following on from the
French Missionary history French wine companies 'got in early' and
have established large joint ventures with these Yunnan Wineries.
now have many thousands of acres in production with varieties
including Rose Honey, Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Grenache, Yan73,
Italian Riesling and Chardonnay. The growing areas for Merlot and
Cabernet Sauvignon are largest.